The technique of utilizing color fields in painting emerged in the 1950's post-Abstract Expressionism period. When using the technique of a color field, the artist begins by covering the surface in one solid, yet extremely vibrant color, the composition, or mixture of pigments, is created by the artist (and often unrevealed to anyone).
The energetic, yet monochromatic, color is then used as a base for the rest of the painting. By building layers of paint upon the vibrant base, the pigment and tone is able to shrine through the other layers of paint and enliven the piece. Often the piece is painted primarily with large areas consisting of solid blocks of color.